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Experience usually teaches us what works best on our own plots, but for those who like some sort of guidance here are some general planting distances for some of the most common crops. They won't produce giant specimens but they should provide healthy plants and make good use of your space.

Beetroot 4" 10 cm
Broad beans 9 " 24 cm
Broccoli 24 " 60 cm
Brussels sprouts 30 " 75 cm
Cabbages 18 " 45 cm
Carrots 3 " 8 cm
Cauliflowers 30 " 75 cm
Celery 10 " 25 cm
Courgettes 24 " 60 cm
Cucumbers 24 " 60 cm
Dwarf French beans 8 " 20 cm
Garlic 6 " 15 cm
Kale 24 " 60 cm
Kohl rabi 8 " 20 cm
Leeks 6 " 15 cm
Lettuce 9 " 24 cm
Marrows 24 " 60 cm
Onion sets 4 " 10 cm
Parsnips 6 " 15 cm
Peas 2 " 5 cm
Peppers 20 " 50 cm
Potatoes 15 " 40 cm
Pumpkins 60 " 150 cm
Radishes 2 " 5 cm
Rhubarb 36 " 45 cm
Runner beans 12 " 30 cm
Shallots 6 " 15 cm
Swedes 12 " 30 cm
Sweetcorn 12 " 30 cm
Tomatoes 24 " 60 cm